Which compound’s name originated from a gum taken from plants growing near the temple of Ammon?
Ammonia is the compound whose name was originated from a gum that is taken from the plants which grew near the temple of Ammon.
The Greek name is Ammoniacum.
Ammoniacum is also known as gum-ammoniac.
Ammoniacum is an acrid gum resin that is exuded from the stems of the perennial herb, Dorema ammoniacum that belong to the family Apiaceae.
This height of this plant ranges from eight to nine feet. The complete stem of this plant oozes a milky juice, when an incision is made on any part of the plant.
This milky juice hardens quickly on exposure to air into round tears, which is known as tear ammoniacum. It has commercial importance.
The tears may also aggregate to form lump ammoniacum along with other foreign bodies.
What are the properties of Ammonia?
Amoniacum has an unpleasant odour and it gets severe on heating. It appears reddish yellow in colour and when the tears or lumps get fractured, they show waxy luster.
This can be collected in Central Persia. Ammoniacum is similar to asafetida and galbanum. It differs from them from the source of the drug yield and in therapeutic effects.
African ammoniacum is obtained from Ferula tingitana and it is distributed in North Africa. African ammoniacum is a dark colored gum resin with a weak odour and with an acrid taste.
What are the uses of Ammoniacum?
Ammoniacum helps in treating bronchial infections like asthma and chronic colds.